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Colfiorito literature

Some literature on the Colfiorito, 1997-98, earthquake sequence

Updated on June 7, 2007. The list can be not complete. Please send corrections or additions to


Ficcarelli, G., Abbazzi, L., Albianelli, A., Bertini, A., Coltorti, M., Magnatti, M., Masini, F., Mazza, P., Mezzabotta, C., Napoleone, G., Rook, L., Rustioni, M. & Torre, D., 1997. Cesi, an early Middle Pleistocene site in the Colfiorito Basin (Umbro-Marchean Apennine), central Italy. J. Quaternary Sc., 12, 507-518.


Amato A., Azzara R., Chiarabba C., Cimini G. B., Cocco M., Di Bona M., Margheriti L., Mazza S., Mele F., Selvaggi G., Basili A. Boschi E., Corboulex F., Deschamps A., Gaffet S., Bittarelli G., Chiaraluce L., Piccinini D. & Ripepe M. (1998). The 1997 Umbria-Marche, Italy, earthquake sequence: a first look at main shocks and aftershocks. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 15, 2861-2864.

Basili R., Bosi C., Bosi V., Galadini F., Galli P., Meghraoui M., Messina P., Moro M., & Sposato A. (1998). The Colfiorito earthquake sequence of September-October 1997: Surface breaks and seismotectonic implications for the central Apennines (Italy). J. earthq. Eng., 2, 291-302.

Berardi R. & ENEL S.M. network working group, Marsan P. & SSN seismic monitoring working group, Deschamps A. & Geoazur-CNES research group, Di Bona M. & ING research group, Rinaldis D. & ENEA S.M. network working group (1998). Strong ground motion during the 1997 Umbria-Marche earthquake sequence (abstract). Ann. Geophys., 16 (suppl. 1), C161.

Cello G., Deiana G., Mangano P., Mazzoli S., Tondi E., Ferreli L., Maschio L., Michetti A. M., Serva L. & Vittori E. (1998). Evidence for surface faulting during the September 26, 1997, Colfiorito (Central Italy) earthquakes. J. earthq. Eng., 2, 303-324.

Ekström G., A. Morelli, E. Boschi & A. M. Dziewonski (1998). Moment tensor analysys of the Umbria-Marche earthquake sequence of September-October 1997. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 11, 1971-1974.


Cinti F., L. Cucci, F. Marra & P. Montone (1999). The 1997 Umbria-Marche (Italy) earthquake sequence: Relationship between ground deformation and seismogenic structure. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 895-898.

De Martini P. M. & G. Valensise (1999). Pre-seismic slip on the 26 september 1997, Umbria-Marche earthquake fault? Unexpected clues from the analysis of 1951-1992 elevation changes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 1953-1956.

Galadini F., P. Galli, I. Leschiutta, G. Monachesi & M. Ztucchi (1999). Active tectonics and seismicity in the area of the 1997 earthquake sequence in central Italy: A short review. J.  Seismol., 3, 167-175.

Hunstad I., M. Anzidei, M. Cocco, P. Baldi, A. Galvani & A. Pesci (1999). Modelling coseismic displacements during the 1997 Umbria-Marche earthquake (central Italy). Geophys. J. Int., 139, 2, 283-295.

Meghraoui M., V. Bosi & T. Camelbeeck (1999). Fault fragment control in the 1997 Umbria-Marche, central Italy, earthquake sequence. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1069-1072.

Pino N. A., S. Mazza & E. Boschi (1999). Rupture directivity of the major shocks in the 1997 Umbria-Marche (Central Italy) sequence from regional broadband waveforms. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 2101-2104.

Stramondo S, Tesauro M, Briole P, et al. The September 26, 1997 Colfiorito, Italy, earthquakes: modeled coseismic surface displacement from SAR interferometry and GPS. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26 (7), 1999 .

Tosi P., A. Tertulliani, V. de Rubeis, & C. Gasparini (1999). Preliminary results of a macroseismic survey of the Colfiorito sequence (Central Italy). Phys. Chem. Earth (Part A), 24 (6), 477-481, 1999.

Zollo A., S. Marcucci, G. Milana & P. Capuano (1999). The 1997 Umbria-Marche (Central Italy) earthquake sequence: Insights on the mainshock ruptures from near source strong motion records. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 20, 3165-3168.


Barba S. & R. Basili (2000). The analysis of seismological and geological observations for moderate sized earthquakes: The Colfiorito fault system (Central Apennines, Italy). Geophys. J. Int., 141, 1, 241-252, 2000.

Bouchon M., S. Gaffet, C. Cornou, M. Dietrich, J.P. Glot, F. Courboulex, A. Caserta, G. Cultrera, F. Marra, R. Guiguet. Observations of vertical ground accelerations exceeding gravity during the 1997 Umbria-Marche (central Italy) earthquakes. J. Seismol., 4 (4), 517-523, 2000.

Capuano P., A. Zollo, A. Emolo, S. Marcucci & G. Milana (2000). Rupture mechanism and source parameters of Umbria-Marche mainshocks from strong motion data. J. Seismol., 4, 463–478.

Cattaneo M., Augliera P., De Luca G., Gorini A., Govoni A., Marcucci S., Michelini A., Monachesi G., Spallarossa D., Trojani L. and XGUMS (2000). The 1997 Umbria-Marche (Italy) earthquake sequence: analysis of the data recorded by local and temporary networks. J. Seismol., 4, 401-414.

Cello G., G. Deiana, L. Ferelli, L. Marchegiani, L. Maschio, S. Mazzoli, A. Michetti, L. Serva, E. Tondi & T. Vittori (2000). Geological constraints for earthquake faulting studies in the Colfiorito area (central Italy). J.  Seismol., 4, 357-364.

Di Giovambattista R. & Yu S. Tyupkin (2000). Spatial and temporal distribution of seismicity before the Umbria-Marche September 26, 1997 earthquakes. J. Seismol., 4, 589-598.

Megna A., S. Barba, S. Santini & F. Vetrano (2000). Space-time variations of Umbria-Marche region instrumental seismicity. Annali di Geofisica, 43, 5, 921-937.

Michelini A., D. Spallarossa, M. Cattaneo, A. Govoni & A. Montanari (2000). The 1997 Umbria-Marche (Italy) earthquake sequence: Tomographic images obtained from data of the GNDT-SSN temporary network. J.  Seismol., 4, 415-433.

Riva R., A. Aoudia, L.L.A. Vermeersen, R. Sabadini & G.F. Panza (2000). Crustal versus asthenospheric relaxation and post-seismic deformation for shallow normal faulting earthquakes: the Umbria-Marche (Central Italy) case. Geophys. J. Int., 141, F7-F11.

Salvi S, Stramondo S, Cocco M, et al. Modeling coseismic displacements resulting from SAR interferometry and GPS measurements during the 1997 Umbria-Marche seismic sequence. J. Seismol., 4 (4), 479-499, 2000.


Basili R. & M. Meghraoui (2001). Coseismic and postseismic displacements related with the 1997 Umbria-Marche (Italy) earthquake sequence. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2695-2698.


Lundgren, P., and S. Stramondo, Slip distribution of the 1997 Umbria-Marche earthquake sequence: Joint inversion of GPS and synthetic aperture radar interferometry data, J. Geophys. Res., 107(B11), 2316, doi:10.1029/2000JB000103, 2002.


Belardinelli M. E., L. Sandri & P. Baldi (2003). The major event of the 1997 Umbria-Marche (Italy) sequence; what could we learn from DInSAR and GPS data? Geophys. J. Int., 153, 1, 242-252, 2003.

Aoudia A., A. Borghi, R. Riva, R. Barzaghi, B. A. C. Ambrosius, R. Sabadini, L. L. A. Vermeersen & G. F. Panza (2003). Postseismic deformation following the 1997 Umbria-Marche (Italy) moderate normal faulting earthquakes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 (7), 2003.

Caporali A. S. Martin & M. Massironi (2003). Average strain rate in the Italian crust inferred from a permanent GPS network; II, Strain rate versus seismicity and structural geology. Geophys. J. Int., 155, 1, 254-268, 2003.

Cara F., G. Di Giulio, and A. Rovelli (2003). A Study on Seismic Noise Variations at Colfiorito, Central Italy: Implications for the Use of H/V Spectral Ratios. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 (18), 1972, doi:10.1029/2003GL017807, 2003.

Chiarabba, C., & A. Amato (2003). Vp and Vp/Vs images in the Mw 6.0 Colfiorito fault region (central Italy): A contribution to the understanding of seismotectonic and seismogenic processes. J. Geophys. Res., 108 (B5), 2248, doi:10.1029/2001JB001665, 2003.

Chiaraluce L., W.L. Ellsworth, C. Chiarabba & M. Cocco (2003). Imaging the complexity of an active normal fault system: The 1997 Colfiorito (central Italy) case study. J. Geophys. Res., 108(B6), 2294.

De Lorenzo S. & A. Zollo (2003). Size and geometry of microearthquake seismic ruptures from P and S pulse width data. Geophys. J. Int., 155, 2, 422-442, 2003.

De Martini P. M., N. A. Pino, G. Valensise & S. Mazza (2003). Geodetic and seismologic evidence for slip variability along a blind normal fault in the Umbria-Marche 1997-1998 earthquakes (central Italy). Geophys. J. Int., 155, 819-829.

Gardi A., R. Sabadini, C. Ferraro & A. Aoudia (2003). The interplay between global tectonic processes and the seismic cycle in the Umbria-Marche seismogenic region. Geophys. J. Int., 155, 3, 1093-1104, 2003.

Monna, S., L. Filippi, L. Beranzoli, and P. Favali, Rock properties of the upper-crust in Central Apennines (Italy) derived from high-resolution 3-D tomography, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 (7), 1408, doi:10.1029/2002GL016780, 2003.


Chiaraluce L., A. Amato, M. Cocco, C. Chiarabba, G. Selvaggi, M. Di Bona, D. Piccinini, A. Deschamps, L. Margheriti, F. Courboulex, & M. Ripepe (2004). Complex normal faulting in the Apennines thrust-and-fold belt; the 1997 seismic sequence in central Italy. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 94, 1, 99-116, 2004.

Hernandez B, Cocco M, Cotton F, Stramondo S, Scotti O, Courboulex F, Campillo M (2005). Rupture history of the 1997 Umbria-Marche (central Italy) main shocks from the inversion of GPS, DInSAR and near field strong motion data. Annals Geophys., 47 (4), 1355-1376.

Rotondi, R. & Zonno, G. (2005). Bayesian analysis of a probability distribution for local intensity attenuation. Annals Geophys., 47 (5), 1521-1540.

Santini S., P. Baldi, M. Dragoni, A. Piombo, S. Salvi, G. Spada & S. Stramondo (2004). Monte Carlo Inversion of DInSAR Data for Dislocation Modeling: Application to the 1997 Umbria-Marche Seismic Sequence (Central Italy). Pure Appl. Geophys., 161, 817–838, 2004.


Collettini C., Chiaraluce L., Pucci S., Barchi M.R., Cocco M. (2005). Looking at fault reactivation matching structural geology and seismological data. J. Struct. Geol., 27 (5), 937-942.

Caracausi A, Italiano F, Martinelli G, Paonita A, Rizzo A (2005). Long-term geochemical monitoring and extensive/compressive phenomena: case study of the Umbria Region (Central Apennines, Italy). Annals Geophys., 48 (1) 43-53.

Luzi L., D. Bindi, G. Franceschina, F. Pacor, & R. Castro (2005). Geotechnical site characterisation in the Umbria-Marche area and evaluation of earthquake site-response. Pure Appl. Geoph., 162 (11), 2133-2161, 2005.

Nostro C., Chiaraluce L., Cocco M., Baumont D., Scotti O. (2005). Coulomb stress changes caused by repeated normal faulting earthquakes during the 1997 Umbria-Marche (central Italy) seismic sequence. J. Geophys. Res., 110 (B5), B05S20.

Tallarico A., S. Santini, & M.Dragoni (2005). Stress changes due to recent seismic events in the Central Apennines (Italy) . Pure Appl. Geoph., 162 (12), 2273-2298, 2005.


Crippa B, Crosetto M, Biescas E, et al. (2006). An advanced slip model for the Umbria-Marche earthquake sequence: coseismic displacements observed by SAR interferometry and model inversion. Geophys. J. Int., 164 (1), 36-45.

Diaferia I., Barchi M., Loddo M., Schiavone D., and A. Siniscalchi (2006). Detailed imaging of tectonic structures by multiscale Earth resistivity tomographies: The Colfiorito normal faults (central Italy). Geoph. Res. Lett., 33, L09305, doi:10.1029/2006GL025828, 2006.

Convertito V., A. Emolo, & A. Zollo (2006). Seismic-hazard assessment for a characteristic earthquake scenario: An integrated probabilistic-deterministic method. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 96 (2), 377-391, 2006.

Filippucci M., S. de Lorenzo, and E. Boschi (2006). Fault plane orientations of small earthquakes of the 1997 Umbria-Marche (Italy) seismic sequence from P-wave polarities and rise times. Geophys. J. Int., 166 (1), 322-328, 2006.

Maresca R., G. Galluzzo, and E. Del Pezzo (2006). H/V spectral ratios and array techniques applied to ambient noise recorded in the Colfiorito Basin, central Italy. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 96 (2), 490-505, 2006.

Stucchi E., F. Mirabella, and M. G. Ciaccio (2006). Comparison between reprocessed seismic profiles: Seismologic and geologic data - A case study of the Colfiorito earthquake area. Geophysics, 71 (2), B29-B40, 2006.

Alberti M. (2006). Spatial variations in the similarity of earthquake populations: The case of the 1997 Colfiorito-Sellano (northern Apennines, Italy) seismic sequence. Tectonophysics, 421 (3-4) 231–250, 2006.

Di Giulio G., C. Cornou, M. Ohrnberger, M. Wathelet, and A. Rovelli (2006). Deriving Wavefield Characteristics and Shear-Velocity Profiles from Two-Dimensional Small-Aperture Arrays Analysis of Ambient Vibrations in a Small-Size Alluvial Basin, Colfiorito, Italy. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 96 (5), 1915-1933, doi: 10.1785/0120060119, 2006.

Piccinini, D., Margheriti, L., Chiaraluce, L. & Cocco, M. (2006). Space and time variations of crustal anisotropy during the 1997 Umbria–Marche, central Italy, seismic sequence. Geophys. J. Int., 167 (3), 1482-1490, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03112.x


Riva R. E. M., A. Borghi, A. Aoudia, R. Barzaghi, R. Sabadini and G. F. Panza (2007). Viscoelastic relaxation and long-lasting after-slip following the 1997 Umbria-Marche (Central Italy) earthquakes. Geophys. J. Int., 169, 534–546, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03315.x